Ziauddin Medical University Act 1995

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ACT VI OF 1995

**ZIAUDDIN MEDICAL UNIVERSITY ACT,**1995

An Act to reconstitute the Dr. Ziauddin Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences and establish it as Ziauddin Medical University

[Gazette of Sindh, Extraordinary, Part IV, 8th October, 1995]

No.PAS/Legis‑B‑13/95, dated 8‑10‑1995.‑‑The Ziauddin Medical University Bill, 1995 having been passed by the Provincial Assembly of Sindh on 14th September, 1995 and assented to by the Government of Sindh on 25th September, 1995 is hereby published as an Act.of the Legislature of Sindh.

Preamble.‑‑Whereas it is expedient to reconstitute the Dr. Ziauddin Postgraduate Institute of medical sciences and establish it as Ziauddin Medical University and to provide for matters connected therewith.

It is hereby enacted as follows:‑‑

CHAPTER‑I

PRELIMINARY

  1. **Short title and commencement.‑‑(I)**This Act may be called the Ziauddin Medical University Act, 1995.

(2) It shall come into force at once.

  1. Definitions. ‑‑(i) "Academic Council' means the Academic Council of the University.

(ii) "Affiliated institute" means any institute affiliated to the University

(iii) "Authority" tans any of the Authorities specified in section 16.

(iv) "Chancellor" means Chancellor of the University.

(v) "Chief Trustee" means the Chief Trustee of the Dr. Ziauddin Hospital Trust.

(vi) "Dean" means the Chairman of the Board of a Faculty.

(vii) "Director" means the head of a Teaching Department of the University or an affiliated Institute.

(viii)"Governing Body" means the Governing Body of the University.

(ix) "Government" means the Government of Sindh.

(x) "PMDC" means the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council.

(xi) "Prescribed" means prescribed by Statutes, Regulation or rules.

(xii) "Pro‑Chancellor" means Pro‑Chancellor of the University.

(xiii) "Professor Emeritus" means a Professor working in the University in an honorary capacity.

(xiv) "Rector" means the Rector of. the University.

(xv) "Statutes, regulations and rules" means respectively the statutes, regulations and rules made under this Act.

(xvi) "Trust" means Dr. Ziauddin Hospital Trust.

(xvii) "Vice‑Chancellor" means the Vice‑Chancellor of the University.

(xviii) "University" means the Ziauddin Medical University constituted under this Act.

CHAPTER‑II

THE UNIVERSITY

  1. Establishment and incorporation of the University.‑‑(I) The Dr. Ziauddin Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences is reconstituted and established as a University to be called the Ziauddin Medical University consisting of the Patron, the Chancellor, the Pro‑Chancellor, the Rector, the Vice‑Chancellor, the Deans, the Directors, Registrar, the members of the Governing Body, the members of the Academic Council and such other officers as may be prescribed.

(2) The Dr. Ziauddin Hospital and its affiliated hospitals and centre shall provide prescribed teaching facilities to the University.

(3) The University shall be a body, corporate by the name of the Ziauddin Medical University having perpetual succession and a common seal, with power, among others to control institution imparting medical education and shall by the said name, sue and be sued.

(4) All funds, properties, rights, Government permissions, documentation with financial institution and interest of whatever kind, used, enjoyed, possessed, owned or vested, in or held in trust by or for the Dr. Ziauddin Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences and all liabilities legally subsisting against it shall stand transferred to the University constituted as aforesaid.

(5) The University shall run on non‑profitable basis.

  1. University open to all.‑‑‑The University shall be open to all persons of either sex of whatever religion, race, creed, colour or domicile who are academically qualified for admission to the course of study offered by the university and no such person shall be denied the privilege on the ground only of sex, religion, creed, race, class, colour or domicile.

5. Powers of the University.‑‑(1) TheUniversity shall have the powers‑‑

(i) to provide for instructions, training, research, demonstration and service in the health and allied sciences and in such branches of learning as deemed fit and to make provision for the advancement and dissemination of knowledge and technology in such manner as it may determine;

(ii) to define selection, admission and examine students affiliated institutions;

(iii) to hold examination and. confer or award degrees, diplomas, certificates and other academic distinctions on the persons, who have passed such examinations under the prescribed conditions approved by the PMDC, Pakistan Nursing Council or by the Chancellor as the case may be;

(iv) to award fellowships, scholarship, academic titles, medals and prizes under the prescribed conditions;

(v) to affiliate and disaffiliate institutions including hospitals under prescribed conditions;

(vi) to establish Faculties and Teaching Departments for the betterment of medical and allied education;

(vii) to confer honorary degrees or other distinctions on approved persons in the prescribed manner;

(viii) to prescribe courses of studies conducted by it and undertake research as it may determine;

(ix) to inspect institutions and provide them guidelines in the effective discharge of their functions and responsibilities in medical education;

(x) to determine teaching methodology, techniques and strategies in order to ensure the most effective educational training and research programmes;

(xi) to receive and manage property, grants, bequests, trusts, gifts, donations, endowments and other contributions made to the University and obtain loan or aid and to invest them in such manner as it may deem fit; .

(xii) to establish and support hospitals, centres, clinics and donate or give on loan of its equipments to such hospitals, centres and clinic on prescribed conditions for the development of teaching, promotion of research and training;

(xiii) to make provision for all kinds of surgical and the treatments on charitable basis for the needy, poor and deserving persons;

(xiv) to enter into agreements, contractors, leasing agreements and execute mortgage deeds and arrangements with Government organizations, institutions, banks, including any other financial institutes, bodies and individuals for carrying out the purposes of this Act;

(xv) to demand and .receive such fees, and other charges as it may determine;

(xvi) to appoint members of the various bodies and committees as the Governing Body may determine for instructional and co‑curriculum activities;

(xvii) to appoint such offices including teachers, examiners and members of staff and prescribe terms and conditions, powers and duties;

(xviii) to acquire, hold and dispose of property and to procure all goods, equipments and service necessary for the University or affiliated institutions or hospitals through letter of credit or otherwise;

(xix) to do all such other acts and things as may be requisite to further the objectives of the university.

CHAPTER‑III

OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY

6. Officers of the University.‑‑Thefollowing shall be the Officers of the University‑‑‑

(i) the Chancellor;

(ii) the Rector;

(iii) the Pro‑Chancellor;

(iv) the Vice‑Chancellor;

(v) the Deans;

(vi) the Director of the Teaching Department;

(vii) the Registrar;

(viii) the Controller of Examination;

(ix) Director Finance, and

(x) Such other persons as may be prescribed by regulations.

  1. Patron.‑‑(l) The Governorof Sindh shall be the Patron of the University.

(2) the Patron shall, when present, preside at the convocations of the University.

**8. Chancellor.‑‑(1)**The Chief Trustee of Dr. Ziauddin Hospital Trust shall be the Chancellor of the University.

(2) The Chancellor shall be the Chairman of the Board of Governors and the Controlling Authority of the University.

(3) If the Chancellor is satisfied that the proceedings of any Authority or orders of any officer are not in accordance with the provisions of this Act, the statutes, the regulations, or the rules, he may, after calling upon such Authority or officer to show cause why such proceedings should not be annulled, by order in writing, annul such proceedings or orders.

(5) The Chancellor shall have the power to assent to the statutes as are submitted to him by the Governing Body.

(6) The Chancellor may, subject to the provisions of this Act in his discretion, delegate all or any of the powers and functions of any Authority, officer or employee of the University to any Authority, officer or employee.

(7) Should, the Chancellor be incapacitated from acting as such due to absence or any other cause, the Pro‑Chancellor shall exercise all the powers and perform all the duties of the Chancellor.

  1. **Visitation.‑‑(1)**The Chancellor may cause a visitation or enquiry to be made in respect of any matter connected with the affairs of the University and appoint such person or persons as he may deem proper for the purpose.

(2) The Chancellor shall on receipt of a report under subsection (1) shall issue such directions as he thinks fit and the Vice‑Chancellor will comply with such directives.

  1. Rector.‑‑(1) The Rector shall be appointed by the Chancellor on such terms and condition as may be determined by him and hold office at the pleasure of the Chancellor.

(2) The Rector shall perform such functions as may be entrusted to him by the Chancellor.

  1. Pro‑Chancellor.‑‑(1) The Pro‑Chancellorshall be appointed by the Chancellor on such terms and conditions as the Chancellor may determine and shall hold the office at the pleasure of the Chancellor.

(2) The Pro‑Chancellor shall perform such function as may be entrusted to him by the Chancellor.

  1. **The Vice‑Chancellor.‑‑(1)**The Vice‑Chancellor shall be appointed by the Chancellor on such terms and conditions as may be determined by the Chancellor and shall hold office during the pleasure of the Chancellor.

(2) At any time when the office of the Vice‑Chancellor is vacant or the Vice‑Chancellor is absent or is unable to perform the functions of his office due to illness or some other cause, the Chancellor shall make such arrangement for the performance of the duties of the Vice‑Chancellor as he may deem fit.

(3) The Vice‑Chancellor shall be the principal academic officer of the University and shall be responsible for proper implementation of the provision of this Act, directions of the Chancellor, decision of the Governing Body and execution of the policies and programmes approved by it. .

(4) The Vice‑Chancellor may, in an emergency which in his opinion requires immediate action, take such action as he may consider necessary and shall, thereafter as soon as possible, report his action to the officer, authority, or other body, which in the ordinary course would have dealt with the matter.

(5) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing powers, the Vice‑Chancellor shall also have the following powers,‑‑

(a) to appoint paper setters and examiners for all examinations of the University;

(b) to make such arrangements for the security of papers, and compilation of results as may be necessary;

(c) to direct teachers, and officers of the University to take up such assignments in connection with teaching, research, examination and administration and such other activities in the University as he may direct.

(d) to delegate, subject to such conditions, if any, as may be prescribed, any of his powers under this Act to an officer or other employee of the University;

(e) to appoint employees of such categories in respect of which powers have been delegated to him;

(f) to exercise and perform such other powers/and functions as may be prescribed;

(g) to sanction all expenditure provided for in the approved budget and to re‑appropriate funds within the same major head of expenditure;

(h) to sanction re‑appropriation of an amount not exceeding twenty‑five thousand rupees for an unforeseen item not provided for in the budget and report it to the Governing Body at the next meeting.

  1. Deans.‑‑(1) Dean for each Faculty shall be nominated by the Chancellor from amongst the senior professors in the Faculty on the recommendations of the Vice‑Chancellor.

(2) The Dean shall be the Chairman of a Faculty and shall hold office at the pleasure of the Vice‑Chancellor.

(3) The Dean shall present candidates for admission to postgraduate degrees, courses falling within the purview of the Faculty.

(4) The Dean shall exercise such other powers and perform such other duties as may be prescribed.

  1. The Registrar.‑‑(1) The Registrar shall be a whole time officer of the University and shall be appointed by the Governing Body on such terms and conditions as the Governing Bode may determine and shall hold office during the pleasure of the Chancellor.

(2) The Registrar will report directly to the Vice‑Chancellor and assist him in discharging his duties.

  1. Controller of Examination.‑‑(11 The Controller of Examination shall be a whole time officer and shall be appointed by the Governing Body on such terms and conditions as the‑Governing Body may determine and shall hold office during the pleasure of the Chancellor.

(2) The Controller shall be responsible for all matters connected with the conduct of examination and perform such other duties as may be prescribed.

  1. **Director Finance.‑‑(1)**The Director Finance shall be appointed by the Chairman on such terms and conditions as may be determined by him.

(2) The Director Finance shall‑‑

(a) manage the property, finances and investments of the University;

(b) prepare the annual and revised budget estimates of the University and present them to the Governing Body for approval;

(c) ensure that the funds of the University are spent for the purpose for which they are provided; and

(d) perform such other duties as may be prescribed.

CHAPTER ‑ IV

AUTHORITIES

  1. Authorities of the University.‑‑Thefollowing shall be the Authorities of the University:‑‑‑

(i) the Governing Body;,

(ii) the Academic Council;

(iii) the Boards of Advanced Studies and Research;'

(iv) the Selection Board;

(v) the Finance and Planning Committee;

(vi) the Affiliation Committee; and

(vii) such other Authorities as may be prescribed.

  1. The Governing Body.‑‑The Governing Body shall consist of the following:‑‑

(a) The Chancellor Chairman

(b) the Vice‑Chancellor Member

Secretary Health, Government of Sindh Member

(d) a judge of Sindh High Court nominated by the Member

Chief Justice

(e) President and Secretary of the PMDC Member

(f) Vice‑Chancellor, Karachi University Member

(g) Advisor to Governor Member

(h) Two Deans to be nominated by the

Chancellor Member

(i) Chairman of the University Grants

Commission I Member

(j) Six persons of Public eminence to be

nominated by the Chancellor Member

(k) President, Chamber of Industries

and Commerce. Member

(2) A nominated member shall hold office for a term of two years, and shall be eligible for renomination.

The office of a nominated member shall become vacant if he resigns or fails to attend three consecutive meetings of the Governing Body without sufficient cause or leave of absence or his nomination is changed by the authority which had nominated him.

(4) A casual vacancy of a member shall be filled by the person nominated by the authority which had nominated the member whose vacancy is to be filled.

(5) The Registrar shall act as the Secretary of the Governing Body.

  1. **Powers and Function of the Governing Body.‑‑(1)**The general supervision and control of the University and the power to lay down policies shall vest in the Governing Body.

(ii) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of subsection (1) the Governing Body shall exercise the powers and perform functions as follows;‑‑

(a) to hold, control and administer the property, funds, assets and resources of the University;

(b) to affiliate and disaffiliate institutions and hospitals;

(c) to consider and approve, on the advise of the finance and planning committee, the annual and revised budget estimates and to lay down guidelines or rules of business dealing with financial matters;

(d) to approve, carry out, vary or cancel contracts on behalf of the University;

(e) to initiate and approve schemes for achievement of the objectives of the University;

(f) to determine the form, and regulate the custody and use of common seal of the University;

(g) to create professional research, administrative posts and such other posts as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of the University and suspend or abolish such posts;

(h) to appoint teachers, researchers and officer; on the recommendations of the Selection Board;

(i) to suspend, and remove from service the University teachers, researchers and officers to employee whom it is empowered to appoint, in the manner prescribed after due enquiry and defence or as per terms and conditions of the Contract;

(j) to approve regulations or rules on the recommendations of the appropriate Body;

(k) to determine, regulate and administer all other matters concerning the University and, to this end, exercise all necessary powers not specifically mentioned, in this Act or the statutes, the regulation or the rules;

(2) The Governing Body may delegate any of its powers to an Authority or officers or a committee or a sub‑committee.

20 **Meetings of the Governing Body.‑‑(1)**The ‑ Governing Body shall met at least twice in a year on the dates to be fixed by the Chairman; provided that a special meeting may be called at any time on the direction of the Chairman or on a requisition made by not less than three members of the Governing Body to consider a matter of urgent nature.

(2) Not less than ten clear days' notice of a special meeting shall be given to the members and the agenda of the meeting shall be restricted to the matte: for which the special meeting is called.

(3) The quorum for a meeting shall be one‑third of the members, a fraction being counted as one.

(4) The decisions at a meeting shall be expressed in terms of the views of the majority of the members present and voting and, if the members are equally divided, the Chairman shall have and exercise a casting vote.

21 Academic Council.‑‑(I) The Academic Council shall consist of‑‑

(a) the Vice‑Chancellor who shall be the Chairman;

(b) the Deans;

(c) Director;

(d) Professors in approved institutions/hospitals;

(e) the Registrar;

(f) the Controller of Examinations;

(g) two physicians of eminence nominated by the Chancellor but not working in the University; and

(h) Head of teaching department

(2) A nominated member shall hold office for a term of two years and shall be eligible for re‑nomination.

(3) The office of a nominated member shall become vacant if he resigns or fails to attend three consecutive meetings of the Council without sufficient cause or leave of absence or his nomination is changed by the nomination authority.

(4) The quorum for a meeting of the Council shall be one‑third of the total number of members, a fraction being counted as one.

  1. **Powers and duties of the Academic Council.‑‑(1)**The Academic. Council shall be the highest academic body of the University, and shall, subject to the provisions of this Act and the statute, have the power to lay down proper standards of instructions, research and examinations, and to regulate and promote the academic life of the University.

(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions, the Council shall have the powers‑‑

(a) to advise the Governing Body on academic matters;

(b) to regulate the admission of studies to the courses of studies and examination;

(c) to propose the Governing Body, schemes for the constitution and organisation of Faculties, Teaching Departments, institutes and Boards of Studies;

(d) to consider or formulate proposals for the planning and development of teaching and research in the University;

(e) to ma:‑,e regulations on the recommendations of the Faculties, and the Board of Studies, prescribing the course of studies and the syllabi for all University examinations in accordance with the policy of the PMDC;

(f) to recognize the examinations of other Universities or examining bodies as equivalent to the corresponding examinations of the University;

(g) to frame regulations for submission to the Governing Body:

(h) to perform such other functions as may be prescribed by statutes;

(i) to provide guidelines for all academic meetings to its registered institutes as laid down by the PMDC; and

(j) to recommend to the Governing Body disaffiliation of institutions, which do not adhere to its academic program/admission procedure/conduct of Examination.

  1. **Board of Advanced Studies and Research.‑‑(1)**There shall be a Board of Advanced Studies and Research consisting of‑‑

(a) the Vice‑Chancellor, who shall be the Chairman;,

(c) three University Professors, other than Deans, to be appointed by the Governing Body;

(d) three University Teachers having excellent research qualifications s. and experience, to be appointed by the Academic Council, and

(e) the Professors Emeritus.

(2) The terms of `office of the members of the Advanced Studies and Research Board, other than ex‑officio members , shall be three years.

(3) The quorum for a meeting of the Advanced Studies and Research Board shall be one half of the total number of member, a fraction being counted as one.

(4) The functions of the Advanced Studies and Research Board shall be‑

(a) to advise the Authorities on all matters connected with the promotion of advanced studies and research in the University;

(b) to propose regulations regarding the award of research degrees,

(c) to appoint supervisors for research students to determine the subject of their thesis for research studies in Ph.D subjects

(d) to recommend panels or names of paper setters and examiners for research examination after considering the proposals of the Board of Studies in this behalf, and

(e) to perform such other functions as may be prescribed.

  1. **The Selection Board.‑‑(1)**There shall be a Selection Board consisting of‑‑

(a) the Vice‑Chancellor who shall be the Chairman of the Board;

(b) two persons of eminence nominated by the Chancellor, provided that none of them is an employee of University;

(c) The Deans; and

(d) Secretary, PMDC.

(2) The members of the Selection Board, other than ex‑officio members, shall hold office for three years.

(3) The quorum for a meeting of Selection Board, shall be four members.

(4) No member of the Selection Board who is a candidate for the post to which appointment is to be made shall take part in such proceedings of the Selection Board.

(5) In recommending candidates for the post of professors and Associate Professors, Assistant Professor, the Selection Board shall consult the PMDC rules, if any. '

  1. **Functions of the Selection Board.‑‑(I)**The Selection Board shall consider all applications for teaching titles.

(2) The Selection Board shall consider all cases of promotion of the officers of the University.

(3) The Selection Board may recommend to the Governing Body the appointment of an eminently qualified person to a position in the University on the terms and conditions as may be prescribed.

(4) In the event of an unresolved difference of opinion between the Selection Board and the Governing Body, the matter shall be referred to the Chancellor whose decision shall be final.

  1. Finance and Planning Committee.‑‑(I) There shall be a Finance and Planning Committee consisting of‑‑

(a) the Chancellor who shall be the Chairman of the Committee;

(b) Vice‑Chancellor;

(c) a nominee of the Governing Body; `

(d) three experts in the field of finance and planning nominated by the Chairman;

(e) one Dean nominated by the Chairman;

(f) the Director Finance of the University shall be the Member/ Secretary; ‑and

(g) Chairman Banking Council.

(2) The functions of the Finance and Planning Committee shall be‑‑

(a) to consider annual statement of accounts and annual and revised budget estimates and advise the Governing Body thereon;

(b) to review periodically the financial position of the University;

(c) to advise the Governing Body on all matters relating to planning, development, finance investment and accounts of the University;

(d) to prepare short term and long term development plans;

(e) to prepare staff and resource development plans; and

(f).to perform such other functions as may be prescribed.

(3) The quorum for a meeting of the Finance and Planning Committee shall be three members.

(4) In the event of an unresolved difference of opinion among the members of the Committee the decision of the Chairman shall be final and binding. .

  1. Affiliation Committee.‑‑‑(I) There shall be an Affiliation Committee consisting of‑‑

(b) Two members of the Governing Body nominated by the Governing Body;

(c) two Deans nominated by the Chancellor; and

(d) Secretary; PMDC.

(2) The term of office of the members of the Committee, excluding ex officio members shall be two years.

(3) The Committee may co‑opt experts.

(4) The quorum for a meeting of or inspection by the Committee shall be three members.

(5) The Registrar of the University shall act as Secretary of the Committee.

  1. Constitution Functions, and powers of other Committees.‑‑Theconstitution, functions and powers, of the Authorities for which no specific provision or insufficient provision has been made in this Act shall be such as may be prescribed by statutes.

  2. Appointment of Standing Committees etc.‑‑TheGoverning Body, the Academic Council and other Authorities with the consent of the Chancellor may appoint such standing, special or advisory committees as may be considered advantageous in the performance of their functions.

CHAPTER ‑ V

STATUTES, REGULATIONS AND RULES

  1. Statutes..‑Subject to the provisions of this Act, statutes may be made to regulate or prescribe all or any of the following matters, namely‑‑

(a) terms and conditions of service of employees of the University, including scales of pay, constitution of pension, insurance, gratuity provident fund, benevolent fund and other fringe benefits;

(b) terms and conditions, fee, remuneration for examiners, teachers, researchers and such other officers; '

(c) establishment of other academic units and divisions;

(d) conditions under which the University may enter into arrangements with other public or private organizations for purposes of instructions. research and other scholarly activities;

(e) conditions of appointment of Professors Emeritus;

(f) efficiency and discipline of the employees of the University;

(g) acquisition and administration of properties and investments of the University; and

(h) all other matters which under this Act are required to be or may be prescribed or regulated by statutes.

(2) The draft of statutes shall be proposed by the Governing Body for approval by the Chancellor

(3) The Chancellor may assent to the statutes submitted to him or refer them back to the Governing Body for reconsideration.

(4) No statute shall be valid until it has been approved by the Chancellor.'

  1. **Regulations.‑‑(1)**Subject to the provision of this Act and the statutes, regulations may be made for all or any of the following matters, namely‑‑

(a) schemes of studies and research, including the duration, of courses, number of subjects, or papers for examination in accordance with PMDC rules;

(b) syllabi and courses of study and research programmes leading to degrees, diploma or certificates of M.B.,B.S., M.D. M.S. or any other degree or diploma;

(c) conduct and supervisions of examinations, appointment‑ of examiners, scrutiny, tabulation and declaration of results;

(d) determination of fees and other charges for admission to various courses, and examination;

(e) institution or fellowships, scholarships, prizes, medals, honoraria and other financial assistance for students and research scholars;

(f) conduct of convocation and form of academic costumes; and

(g) all other academic matters which by this Act or statutes are to be or may be prescribed by regulations.

(2) The Governing Body hall have power to approve regulations submitted to it or refer them back to the Academic Council for reconsideration.

(3) No regulation shall be valid until it has been approved by the Governing Body.

  1. Rules.‑‑(1) The authorities and the other bodies of the University may make rules for submission to the Governing Body consistent with this Act, statutes and the regulations to regulate the conduct of their business and the time and place of meetings and related matters.

(2) The Governing Body may make rules to regulate any other matter relating to the affairs of the University which under this Act are not specifically required to be provided for by the statutes or the regulations.

CHAPTER‑VI

THE UNIVERSITY FUND

  1. **Funds and its Account and Audit.‑‑(1)**The University shall have a fund to which shall be credited its income from fees, donations, trusts, bequests, endowments, grants, affiliation fee, course fee, contributions, and other resources and its accounts shall be maintained in a Bank approved by the Governing Body.

(2) The accounts of the University shall be maintained in such form and manner as may be determined by the Governing Body and shall be audited each year within three months of the closing of the financial year, of the University b~ the Chartered Accountant appointed by the Governing Body.

(3) The accounts together, with the report of the auditor thereon, shall be submitted to the Governing Body for consideration and approval.

(4) The auditor's report shall certify that the auditor has complied with standards of audit certification laid down by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan.

CHAPTER‑VII

MISCELLANEOUS

34 Validity of proceedings.‑‑Noact, proceeding or decision of any Authority shall be invalid by reason only of any vacancy or defect in the constitution of or in the appointment or nomination of any member of the Authority.

  1. First Statutes.‑‑Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, the statutes set out in the Schedule shall be deemed to he the Statutes framed under this Act and shall remain in force until they are amended or replaced by new statutes framed under this Act.

  1. Removal of Difficulties.‑‑Ifany difficulty arises to the first constitution or reconstitution of any authority upon the coming into force of this Act, the Chancellor may give appropriate directions to remove such difficulty.

  2. Repeal of Sindh Act XXIX of 1994.‑‑TheDr. 'Ziauddin Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences Act, 1994, is hereby repealed.

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