ACT VI OF 1973
NORTH-WEST FRONTIER PROVINCE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION ACT, 1972
An Act to constitute and organize the North-West Frontier Province
Board of Technical Education
[Gazette of N.-W. F. P., Extraordinary, 12th January 1973]
No. Legis. 1 (35)/72.---- The following Act of the Provincial Assembly of the North-West Frontier Province, having been assented to by the Governor of the North-West Frontier Province, on the 12th January 1973, is hereby published for general information:-
**Preamble.-**Whereas it is expedient to constitute and organise the North-West Frontier Province Board of Technical Education;
It is hereby enacted as follows:-
REGULATIONS OF THE BOARD
**1. Powers and duties of the Chairman.----**The Chairman shall exercise control over the office of the Board as its principal executive and academic officer and shall do all acts to ensure that the officers and the staff properly perform the duties entrusted to them. In particular he shall-
(i) write confidential reports on the work of the officers whose grades carry an initial salary of four hundred and fifty rupees or more per mensem ;
(ii) recommend to the Board any disciplinary action that he consider necessary against officers mentioned in clause (1) above ;
(iii) take disciplinary action against members of the establishment whose grades carry an initial salary of less than four hundred and fifty rupees per mensem ; and
(iv) appoint Superintendents of Examinations.
2. Powers and duties of the Secretary.----(1) The Secretary shall, subject to the control of the Chairman, be incharge of the academic and administra tive sector of the Board's office and shall cause the orders and decisions of the Board and the Chairman in all matters except those concerning the examinations to be carried out.
(2) The Secretary shall take all possible steps to ensure that the funds of the Board are spent on the purpose for which they are provided.
(3) The Secretary shall cause to be prepared and submit to the Board for approval the annual statement of accounts and budget estimates.
(4) All meetings of the Board and the Committees shall be convened by the Secretary under the directions of the Chairman. While preparing the agenda for meeting of the Board or a Committee, the Secretary shall carry out the directions of the Chairman given in this respect and no item shall be placed on such agenda or be considered in the meeting without previous permission of the Chairman.
(5) The Secretary shall record the minutes and maintain the records of the proceedings of the Board and the Committees.
(6) The Secretary shall conduct the official correspondence of the Board under the authority of the Chairman except the correspondence relating to the conduct of examination.
(7) All fees and dues payable to the Board, and all sums received by the Secretary shall be credited without delay to the account of the Board In a Bank or Treasury approved by the Board in accordance with the instructions issued by Government from time to time.
(8) The Secretary shall issue to successful candidates on behalf of the Board in the prescribed forms, diplomas or certificates of having passed the examinations held by the Board.
(9) The Secretary shall perform such other duties as may be assigned to hire by the Chairman.
(10) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in these Regulations the Board may assign to any other officer or officers such duties of the Board as It may deem necessary.
3. Powers and duties of the Controller of Examinations.---- The Control ler of Examinations shall, subject to the control of the Chairman, be in charge of the examinations sector of the Board's office and shall-
(i) cause the orders and decisions of the Board and the Chairman in all matters concerning the examinations to be carried out ;
(ii) make arrangements for the conduct of all examinations of the Board ;
(iii) conduct official correspondence of the Board relating to examinations; and
(iv) perform such other duties as may be assigned to him by the Chairman.
4. Constitution of the Academic Committee.---(1) The Academic Com mittee shall consist of-
(i) the Chairman;
(ii) Heads of the following Departments of the University of Peshawar
(a) Civil Engineering ;
(b) Electrical Engineering ;
(c) Mechanical Engineering;
(iii) two nominees of the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Peshawar from College of Education and College of Commerce not below the rank of an Assistant professor ;
(iv) the Director of Technical E3ucation, North-West Frontier Province ;
(v) two industrialists nominated by the Chamber of Commerce, North West Frontier Province Peshawar ;
(vi) one nominee of the Director of Edification, North-West Frontier Province, not below the rank of Principal of a Degree College ;
(vii) one head of Government Commercial Institutes and Commercial Centres elected from and by the heads of Government Commercial Institutes .and Commercial Centres in the North-West Frontier Province ;
(viii) one nominee of the heads of Vocational Institutes ;
(ix) one head of Polytechnic or Technical Institutes offering diploma level course elected by and from among themselves.
**(2) Term of office of members of the Academic Committee.----**The members of the Academic Committee, other than ex officio members, shall hold ,office for two years.
**(3) Quorum for the meeting.---**The quorum for the meetings of the Academic Committee shall be one-third (1/3rd) of the total number of mem bers, a fraction being counted as one.
5. Powers and duties of the Academic Committee.----(a) The Academic Committee shall have the general superintendence and control of and the responsibility for maintenance of the standards of teaching and examinations.
(b) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, the Academic Committee shall exercise the following powers and perform the following duties, namely:-
(i) to determine the subject or subjects which shall be assigned to each Committee of courses ;
(ii) to advise the Board on the qualifications of the teachers and examiners; their duties and conditions of appointments ;
(iii) to advise the Board on all academic matters including the general scheme of studies for an examination, the number of subjects to be included an an examination, the value of each subject in respect of marks to be assigned to it, and the conditions to be fulfilled for passing an examination and for being placed in a particular division ; and
(iv) to exercise such other powers and perform such other duties as may ,be prescribed.
6. Constitution, powers and duties of the Appointments Committee.-(1) The Appointments Committee shall consist of-
(i) the Chairman ;
(ii) the Director, Technical Education, North-West Frontier Province ;
(iii) Principal of a Government Polytechnic Institute or Government Technical Institute, nominated by the Chairman ;
(iv) Director of Education. North-West Frontier Province;
(v) one nominee of the Controlling Authority ;
(vi) one industrialist nominated by the Director of Industries, North-West Frontier Province.
(2) The Appointments Committee shall recommend the appointment, confirmation and scale of pay of officers or employees of the Board whose scales of pay carry an initial salary of four hundred and fifty rupees or more per mensem.
(3) The members of the Appointments Committee, other than the ex, officio members, shall hold office for two years.
(4) The quorum for a meeting of the Appointments Committee shall be three.
7. Constitution and functions of the Finance Committee.-----(1) The Finance Committee shall consist of-
(iii) Principal, Engineering College, Peshawar University;
(iv) one nominee of Finance Department;
(v) two nominees of the Controlling Authority.
(2) The functions of the Finance Committee shall be--
(i) to examine the annual budget and advise the Board thereon; and
(ii) to review the financial position of tire Board periodically and make recommendations to the Board for improving its finances.
(3) The members of the Finance Committee, other than the ex officio, members, shall hold office for two years.
(4) The quorum for the meetings of the Finance Committee shall be three.
8. Constitution and functions of the Committee for appointment of Paper-- Setters and Head Examiners.----(1) There shall be a Committee for appoint ment of Paper-Setters and Head Examiners and shall consist of-
(ii) one Principal of a Government Polytechnic Institute or Government Technical Institute, nominated by the Chairman ;
(iii) one Principal of a Government Commercial Training Institute elected from and by Principals of such Commercial Institutes ;
(iv) one Principal of a Government Vocational Institute nominated by the Chairman.
(2) The functions of the Committee for appointment of Paper-Setters and Bead Examiners shall be to appoint Paper-Setters and Head Examiners for all examinations conducted by the Board, after considering the recommendations of the Committee of Courses in this behalf. Where a Committee of Courses does not make its recommendations within the time specified by the Committee for appointment of Paper-Setters and Head Examiners, the Committee will make these appointments without the recommendations of the Committee of Courses.
(3) The members of Committee for appointment of Paper-Setters and Head Examiners, other than the Chairman, shall hold office for two years.
(4) The quorum for the meetings of the Committee for appointment of Paper-Setters and Head Examiners shall be three.
9. Committee of Courses.---(1) There shall be a Committee of Courses for each subject or a group of allied subjects included in the courses of studies organized by the Board. Each such Committee shall consist of the following, namely-
(i) one Head of Department of the subject from Polytechnics of Technical Institutes, Commercial Institutes or Vocational Institutes, nominated by the Academic Committee;
(ii) one person having experience of the subject nominated by the Board
(iii) one expert in the subject nominated by the Chairman:
Provided that if in a subject the required number of teachers is not available, the Chairman may decide that the number of members of the Committee of Courses for the subject concerned may be less than four or may permit the nomination of suitable persons who are not teachers, as members of a particular Committee of Courses.
(2) The term of office of the members of the Committee of Courses shall be two years:
Provided that if a vacancy occurs during the course of two years, the member appointed to fill the vacancy shall hold office for the remaining, term only.
(3) Each Committee of Courses shall consider academic matters relating to the subject or subjects with which it is concerned and shall recommend, to the Academic Committee the courses of study and textbooks to be prescribed, as well as the conditions to be fulfilled for passing the relevant examination in the subject or subjects.
(4) Each Committee of Courses shall have a Convener who shall be nominated by the Board.
(5) The quorum for a Committee of Courses shall be three.
**10. Termination of membership.---**Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations when a person ceases to be member of a Committee, he shall cease to be member of any Sub-Committee of which he may be a member by virtue of his membership of that Committee.
11. Recognition of institution.----(1) The Board shall accord recognition, for its Diploma or Certificate Examinations, to such institution as Pare within the jurisdiction of the Board in the North-West Frontier Province if it is satisfied, on the basis of the inspection report received from an inspec tion committee appointed by it, that the conditions prescribed for the recognition have been satisfactorily fulfilled.
(2) If the Board, on the basis of a report received from an inspection committee appointed by it, is satisfied that the conditions of recognition have ceased to be fulfilled by any institution, the Board may cancel the recognition.
(3) The Board may, if it considers necessary, arrange a special inspection of any Institution by an inspection committee appointed by it.
12. Audit.-----(1) The Board shall appoint a whole-time officer as Auditor for the purposes of auditing the bills to be paid from the funds of the Board. No expenditure shall be made from the funds of the Board, unless the bills for its payment have been audited by the Auditor in conformity with the Regulations and Rules.
(2) The statement of the accounts of the Board signed by the Secretary, and the Auditor, shall be submitted to Government within six months of the closing of the financial year.
(3) The accounts of the Board shall be audited once a year, in conformity with the Regulations and Rules by the Auditor appointed by Government for this purpose.
1. Short title, extent and commencement.--- (1) This Act may be called the North-West Frontier Province Board of Technical Education Act, 1972.
(2) It extends to the whole of the North-West Frontier Province, except the Tribal Areas.
(3) It shall come into force at once.
2. Definitions.---(1) In this Act,-
(a) "Board" means the North-West Frontier Province Board of Technical Education constituted under this Act;
(b) "Centre" means an institution imparting certificate level training;
(c) "Chairman" means the Chairman of the Board
(d) "Committee" means a committee constituted under this Act;
(e) "Controller of Examinations" means the Controller of Examina tions of the Board;
(f ) "Controlling Authority" means the Controlling Authority of the Board;
(g) "Government" means the Government of the North-West Frontier Province;
(h) "Head of an Institution" means the Principal of an institute or the Officer Incharge of a Centre, as the case may be;
(i) "Institute" means an institution within the jurisdiction of the Board and recognized for the Technical, Vocational, Industrial and Commercial Education and includes Polytechnic or Technical Institute, Vocational Institute, Commercial Institute and any other Institute or, College imparting diploma level training in technical subjects;
(i) "institution" means an Institute or a Centre;
(k) "prescribed" means prescribed by Regulations or Rules;
(l) "Principal" means the Head of a Polytechnic or Technical Institute. Vocational Institute, Commercial Institute or any other Institute Or College imparting diploma level training in technical subjects;
(m) "recognised" means recognised by the Board;
(n) "Regulations and Rules" mean respectively Regulations and Rules made under this Act; and
(o) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Board.
3. Establishment and incorporation.--- (1) As soon as may be, there shall be established a Board to be known as the North-West Frontier Province Board of Technical Education, for carrying out the purposes of this Act.
(2) The Board shall be a body corporate, shall have power to acquire, hold and transfer property, shill have perpetual succession and seal and shall by the said name sue and be sued.
4. Constitution of the Board.----(1) The Board shall consist of the follow ing members. namely:-
(ii) the Principal, Engineering College, University of Peshawar;
(iii) the Director, Technical Education, Peshawar, or his nominee not: below the rank of Deputy Director;
(iv) the Director of Education, North-West Frontier Province, Peshawar;
(v) three industrialists nominated by the Controlling Authority;
(vi) one Principal or a member of teaching staff of an Institute nominated by the Controlling Authority;
(vii) one representative of Heads of Polytechnic or Technical Institutes elected by and from among themselves;
(viii) one representative of the Heads of Commercial Institutes elected by and from among themselves;
(ix) one person nominated by the Controlling Authority from amongst: the Heads of Vocational Institutes; and
(x) one nominee of the Institute of Engineers, Pakistan.
(2) The names of the nominated and elected members shall be notified in the official Gazette.
(3) Subject to section 14 the term of office of members other than the ex officio members shall be two years.
(4) No member appointed by virtue of his office shall continue to be member if he ceases to hold that office.
(5) When a person ceases to be a member of the Board, he shall cease to be member of any of the Committees of which he may be a member.
**5. Resignation of members.----**A member of the Board may resign his, membership by a letter addressed to the Chairman provided that the resign ation shall not have effect until it is accepted by the Controlling Authority.
6. Removal of members.----(1) A member shall be liable to be removed by the Controlling Authority, if-
(i) he has become of unsound mind;
(ii) he has been declared insolvent by a competent Court;
(iii) he has been convicted by a criminal Court of an offence involving: moral turpitude.
(2) The decision of the Controlling Authority in this behalf shall be final.
7. Casual vacancies.---(1) Whenever there occurs a vacancy in the membership of the Board due to death, resignation or removal, it shall be filled in accordance with-the provisions of this Act.
(2) The person who fills the vacancy shall be a member of the Board for the remaining part of two years term.
8. Meetings of Board.---(1) The Chairman may when he considers necessary and shall, on a requisition from at least five members of the Board, call a meeting of the Board.
(2) The quorum for meeting of the Board shall be five.
9. Jurisdiction of the Board.-(1) The Board shall exercise its powers within the territorial limits of the North-West Frontier Province, and such other areas as may be notified by Government from time to time.
(2) Government may by general or special order, modify the jurisdiction of the Board with regard to such territorial limits or any institution therein.
10. Powers of the Board.----(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Board shall have power to organise, regulate, develop and control Technical, Vocational, Industrial and Commercial education.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the power conferred by the preceding subsection, the Board shall have the power-
(i) to hold and conduct all final examinations pertaining to Technical, Vocational, Industrial and Commercial education below degree level and .such other examinations as may be determined by Government ;
(ii) to prescribe courses of study for its examinations ;
(iii) to lay down conditions for recognition of institutions ;
(iv) to accord, refuse or withdraw recognition, wholly or partly, after considering inspection reports received from an Inspection Committee appointed by the Board in this behalf ;
(v) to inspect and arrange for inspection of recognised institutions and call for inspection reports;
(vi) to lay down conditions for admission to its examinations, to determine the eligibility of candidates and to admit them to the examinations ;
(vii) to grant certificates and diplomas to persons who have passed its examinations ;
(viii) to fix, demand and receive such fees as may be prescribed;
(ix) to supervise, the residence, health and discipline of students of recognised institutions and classes with a view to promoting their general welfare;
(x) to organise and promote extra-mural activities in and for recognised institutions;
(xi) to institute and award scholarships, medals and prizes in accordance with the Regulations and Rules;
(xii) to hold, control and administer its property and funds ;
(xiii) to enter into and carry out contracts in exercise of its duties under this Act and the Regulations ;
(xiv) to pass the annual budget ;
(xv) to transfer any movable and immovable property ;
(xvi) to hold and manage endowments;
(xvii) to regulate and decide all administrative matters, including the creation and abolition of posts ; provided that It shall be lawful for the Chairman to create temporary posts for a period not exceeding six months ;
(xviii) to appoint the staff and determine their duties and conditions 4,of service ;
(xix) to make provisions for buildings, premises, furniture, apparatus, books and other means required for carrying out the purposes of this Act ;
(xx) to sanction such expenditure and to appoint such officers and staff as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act; and
(xxi) to do all other acts necessary for carrying out the purposes of this Act.
(3) The Board may delegate any of its powers to the Chairman or any officer of the Board or to a Committee or Sub-Committee appointed by it as It may deem fit.
**11. Controlling Authority.---**The Governor of the North-West Frontier Province or his nominee shall be the Controlling Authority of the Board.
12. Powers of Controlling Authority.-----(1) The Controlling Authority shall have the power to cause an inspection to be made by such person or persons as it may direct, of the offices, activities and funds and of examinations conducted by the Board, and to cause an inquiry to be made in like manner in respect of any matter concerning the Board.
(2) The Controlling Authority shall communicate to the Board the result of such inspection or inquiry and may advise the Board to take such action within such period as may be specified.
(3) The Board shall report to the Controlling Authority the action as it proposes to take or has taken on such communication.
(4) Where the Board does not, within a reasonable time, take action to the satisfaction of the Controlling Authority, the Controlling Authority may, after considering any explanation made by the Board, issue such directions as it thinks fit, and the Chairman shall comply with such directions.
(5) If the Controlling Authority is satisfied that any proceeding of the Board or a Committee is not in conformity with this Act, the Controlling Authority may, without prejudice to the foregoing provisions of this section, by order in writing annul such proceeding; provided that before making any such order the Controlling Authority shall, through the Chairman, call upon the Board or the Committee, as the case may be, to show cause why such an order should not be made.
(6) The Controlling Authority may, from time to time, direct the Board to conduct its affairs and to perform its functions in such manner as may be specified.
(7) The Controlling Authority may require the Board to furnish it with-
(i) any return, statement, estimates, statistics or other information regarding any matter under the control of the Board ; or
(ii) a report on any such matter; or
(iii) a copy of any document in the charge of the Board; and the Chairman shall comply with every such requisition.
(8) The Board shall submit to the Controlling Authority, as soon as possible after the end of every financial year but not later than the 30th September, a report on the conduct of its affairs for that year.
**13. Officers of the Board.------**The following shall be the officers of the Board-
(ii) the Secretary;
(iii) the Controller of Examinations;
(iv) such other officers as may be appointed by the Board.
14. Chairman.---(1) The Chairman shall be appointed by the Control ling Authority on such terms and conditions as may be determined by the Controlling Authority.
(2) The Chairman shall hold office for a period of three years from the date of notification of his appointment and on the expiry of his term of office; shall be eligible for re-appointment ; provided that if a Govern ment servant is appointed as Chairman, he shall serve, unless sooner recalled, until the completion on of the tenure of his appointment or until attaining the age of superannuation, whichever occurs earlier.
(3) When the office of the Chairman is vacant temporarily or others wise, by reason of leave, illness or other cause for a period not exceeding one year the Controlling Authority shall make such arrangements for carrying on the duties of the Chairman as it may think fit.
(4) The Chairman shall be the principal executive and academic officer of the Board and shall, when present, preside at the meetings of-
(i) the Board;
(ii) the Academic Committee, Finance Committee, Appointment Committee Committee for the appointment of Paper-setters and Head Examiners, Committees of Courses and other Committees of the Board.
(5) It shall be the duty of the Chairman to ensure that the provisions of this Act and the Regulations and Rules are faithfully observed and carried out and he shall exercise all powers necessary for this purpose.
(6) In any emergency arising out of the administrative business the Board and requiring, in the opinion of the Chairman, immediate action, the Chairman may take such action as he may deem necessary and shall report the action so taken to the Board at its next meeting for approval.
(7) The Chairman shall exercise such other powers as may be, prescribed.
15. Secretary and Controller of Examinations.---(1) The Secretary ant' the Controller of Examinations shall be whole-time salaried officers, appointed by the Board with the approval of the Controlling Authority.
(2) Subject to the provisions of subsection (3), the terms and conditions of service of the Secretary and the Controller of Examinations and their powers and duties shall be such as may be prescribed.
(3) In case a Government servant is appointed as secretary or Controller of Examinations on deputation, his term of appointment shall not exceed three years.
**16. Other Officers.-----**Subject to the provisions of this Act, the powers and duties of other officers of the Board, shall be such as may be determined by the Board.
17. Committees of the Board.---(1) The Board shall have the following Committees, namely-
(i) the Academic Committee ;
(ii) the Finance Committee ;
(iii) the Appointments Committee ;
(iv) Committee for appointment of Paper-Setters and Head Exami ners ;
(v) Committees of Courses ; and
(vi) such other Committees as may be prescribed.
(2) The Board or a Committee may appoint such Sub-Committee as it may deem necessary.
18. Constitution, powers and duties of the Committees.--- The constitu tion, powers and duties of the Committees mentioned in subsection (1) of section 17, shall be such as may be prescribed by Regulations.
19. Powers of the Board to frame Regulations.-(1) The Board shall have the power to make Regulations consistent with this Act on all or any of the following matters, namely-
(a) the constitution, powers and duties of the Committees ;
(b) powers and duties of the officers of the Board, mentioned in section 13 ;
(c) rules of service including rules regulating disciplinary action, grit of leave and retirement of the employees of the Board ;
(d) constitution of pension or provident fund or both for the benefit of the officers and other employees of the Board ;
(e) admission of institutions to the privilege of recognition and with drawal of recognition ;
(f) general scheme of studies, including the total number of subjects to be taught and the duration of courses ; and
(g) such other matters as may appear necessary for, giving effect to the provisions of this Act.
(2) The Regulations approved by the Board shall be submitted to Government and shall not take effect until they are approved by Govern ment. Government may approve or disallow or remit them to the Board with its recommendations for further consideration.
20. Powers **of the Board to make Rules.----**The Board may make rules consistent with this Act and the Regulations to provide for-
(i) inspection of institutions and the reports, returns and other infor mation to be furnished by them ;
(ii) conditions of admission of candidates to the examinations and eligibility for diplomas, certificates and titles ;
(iii) such other matters as are required to be prescribed by Rules;
**21. Fund.-----**The Board shall have a fund to which shall be credited all Its income including income from fees, endowments, grants and contributions.
22. Accounts and audit.---(1) The accounts of the Board shall be maintained in such manner as may be prescribed by Rules.
(2) The statement of accounts of the Board shall be submitted to Government once a year.
(3) The accounts of the Board shall be submitted in such manner as may be prescribed by the Regulations.
23. Provident fund and pension.----(1) The Board shall establish for the benefit of its employees such pension or provident fund or both as it may deem fit in such manner and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed.
(2) Government may, by notification, declare that the provisions of the Provident Fund Act, 1925 (Act XIX of 1925), shall apply to such fund, and on making of such declaration that Act shall apply accordingly as if the Board were Government and the said fund were the Government Provident Fund.
**24. Members prohibited from deriving monetary benefit.----**No member of the Board shall draw any fee or other remuneration in any capacity whatever from the funds of the Board or enter into any contract with the Board directly or through any other person in connection with the affairs of the Board:
Provided that the emolument of the Chairman shall, under the terms and conditions of his appointment, be paid from the funds of the Board:
Provided further that a member of a Committee may receive from the Board remuneration in lump sum for writing, compiling or editing a book intended to be prescribed for an examination of the Board.
**25. Bar against membership.---**No person who has any financial interest in any book prescribed by the Board as course of study for any examination conducted by the Board or has a financial interest as a partner or otherwise in any firm which publishes, procures, or supplies any such book, shall be eligible to become a member of the Board or a Committee or continue as such after having acquired any such interest.
26. Validation.---No act or proceedings of the Board or any Committee shall be invalidated merely by reason of any irregularity in the appointment of any member of the Board or the Committee.
**27. Bar to suits.---**Ali acts done, orders passed of proceedings taken by the Board shall be final and shall not be called in question in any Court by a suit or otherwise.
**28. Members and employees to be public servants.----**Members of the Board and the Committees constituted under this Act, the employees of the Board and other persons appointed for carrying out the purposes of this Act shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of section 21 of the Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of 1860).
**29. Legal protection for act and orders.----**No suit for damages or other legal proceedings shall be instituted against Government, the Controlling Authority, the Board, and Committee, any member of the Board or Committee or officer or employee of the Board in respect of anything done or purported to have been done in good faith !n pursuance of this Act and the Regulations and Rules made thereunder.
30. First Regulations.--(1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act, Regulations set out in the Schedule shall, on the commencement of this Act, be deemed to be the First Regulations framed by the Board under section 19.
(2) The Regulations laid down by Government within three months of the date of commencement of this Act shall become pact of the Schedule.
31. Repeal and saving.----(1) The North-West Frontier Province Board of Technical Education Ordinance, 1972 (N.-W. F. P. Ord. No. XVIII of 1972), is hereby repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding the repeal of the North-West Frontier Province Board of Technical Education Ordinance, 1972, everything done, action taken, obligation or liabilities incurred, rights, assets or property acquired, persons appointed or authorised, jurisdiction or powers conferred, agreements made or contracts signed, recognition granted or notification or orders issued under any of the provisions of the said Ordinance or Rules or Regulations made thereunder, if not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act or Regulations or Rules made under this Act, shall be continued, and, so far as may be, be deemed to have been respectively done, taken incurred, acquired, appointed or authorised, conferred, made or signed, granted and issued under this Act, and any document referring to any of the provisions of the said Ordinance, Regulations or Rules, shall, so far as may be, be considered to refer to the corresponding provisions of this Act or Regulations or Rules made under this Act.
32. Transitional provisions.---(1) From the date of commencement of this Act and till such time as the nominated and elected members are appointed, the Chairman and the ex officio members shall exercise all the powers and perform all the duties of the Board and its Committees.
(2) On the appointment of the nominated and elected members the Board shall exercise all powers and perform all duties of the Committees of the Board up to the time the Committees are constituted.
(3) If there is any difficulty in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Controlling Authority may take such action to remove the difficulty as he may deem necessary.